Why do we need Traits in Laravel?

Technology CommunityCategory: LaravelWhy do we need Traits in Laravel?
VietMX Staff asked 12 months ago

Traits have been added to PHP for a very simple reason: PHP does not support multiple inheritance. Simply put, a class cannot extends more than on class at a time. This becomes laborious when you need functionality declared in two different classes that are used by other classes as well, and the result is that you would have to repeat code in order to get the job done without tangling yourself up in a mist of cobwebs.

Enter traits. These allow us to declare a type of class that contains methods that can be reused. Better still, their methods can be directly injected into any class you use, and you can use multiple traits in the same class. Let’s look at a simple Hello World example.

trait SayHello
{
    private function hello()
    {
        return "Hello ";
    }

    private function world()
    {
        return "World";
    }
}

trait Talk
{
    private function speak()
    {
        echo $this->hello() . $this->world();
    }
}

class HelloWorld
{
    use SayHello;
    use Talk;

    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->speak();
    }
}

$message = new HelloWorld(); // returns "Hello World";