# Python chr()

The chr() method returns a character (a string) from an integer (represents unicode code point of the character).

The syntax of chr() is:

chr(i)


## 1. chr() Parameters

chr() method takes a single parameter, an integer i.

The valid range of the integer is from 0 through 1,114,111.

## 2. Return Value from chr()

chr() returns:

• a character (a string) whose Unicode code point is the integer i

If the integer i is outside the range, ValueError will be raised.

## 3. Example 1: How chr() works?

print(chr(97))
print(chr(65))
print(chr(1200))


Output

a
A
Ұ


Here, 97 is the unicode of a, 65 is the unicode of A, and 1200 is the unicode of Ұ.

## 4. Example 2: Integer passed to chr() is out of the range

print(chr(-1))


Output

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "", line 1, in
ValueError: chr() arg not in range(0x110000)


When you run the program, ValueError is raised.

It’s because the argument passed to chr() method is out of the range.

The reverse operation of chr() function can be performed by ord() function. To learn more, visit Python ord() function